You would think people might like to know what part of the plant they eat, right? Well, that becomes a problem for celery. Many, many times there is big confusion about what those crunchy green celery sticks (also called 'ribs') are.
First, here is the species in question, a celery plant.
|Celery plant (Apium graveolens, Apiaceae)|
Illustration (public domain) from Thomé (1885), Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz (link)
And here, celery from a store.
|Celery ribs from a supermarket. |
(cc) Daniel James on Flickr (link)
And here, the celery 'stick', the part that we eat, cut up into small, crunchy pieces.
|Cut up celery sticks.|
(cc) Dey on Flickr (link)
On the internet you can find answers to everything. So, lets begin:
"Both the stem and the leaves of a celery plant are eaten, but the long crunch part many people put peanut butter on is the stem" [this was voted the best answer on "Is celery a stem or leaves?"]
Teacher's guide from New York Agriculture in the Classroom.com:
"Celery we eat is the stem of the plant."
"Celery is used around the world as a vegetable for the crisp petiole (leaf stalk)."
"Is a celery stalk a stem?"
Answer: "yes so is rubarb"
"Is celery a stem?"
Answer: "No celery is a vegetable. Celery has a stem. A single celery plant has lots of stems actually. Most plants and trees have stems which are sometimes referred to as stalks."
Are you confused yet? Here are some more variations:
GoodFood on BBC:
"A collection of long, thick, juicy stalks around a central, tender heart"
The Cook's Thesaurus lists celery as a 'Stalk Vegetable'.
Seattle Times, Food & Wine section:
"By most definitions, a whole head of celery is a stalk and a single "stick" from the stalk is a rib. Some dictionaries use the accurate but clunky term "leafstalk" for a single rib."
Well, the confusion is total. The 'celery rib' that we cut off the plant and chop up or put peanut butter on is, based on internet facts, a stem, stalk, leafstalk, and petiole, all at the same time. This is not possible. It is one thing and one thing only.
Look at the plant. At the top of your rib or stick are some leaves (unless you have cut them off, they were there before). Only leaves. There are no flowers, no growing part (with buds) that can lead to a stem that grows taller and taller, no fruits, no roots. At the bottom of the rib is a white area and then a broadened base. You can easily break of a rib from the rest of the plant in your hand.
|Celery, as you buy it in the stores. |
(cc) Popolon on Wikimedia (link)
|The parts of a plant. Note stem, leaf, and petiole.|
(c) Pearson Biocoach (link)
So, when you eat celery you eat the bottom part of the leaf, a fleshy petiole. Even if it doesn't look like a leaf, it is part of the leaf.
One of the big problems here is that the word 'stalk' can be used for so many parts of a plant, including stem, leaf stalk, flower stalk, etc. No wonder people get confused. In rhubarb you also eat the petioles (contrary to the answer on Wiki.Answers.com above). So who got it right in the quotes above? Well, strictly speaking, only Wikipedia provided a completely correct answer.
What is maybe most dismaying is that there are many biology lesson plans out there where teachers are told to cut celery ribs and put them in water with food coloring to show how water moves through stems (example). (Some lesson plans get it right too, of course). Sorry teachers, you are showing how water and nutrients are moving in a leaf, not in a stem. And that makes a difference both to the plant and to scientific understanding among children and college students.